Are You On Solid Foundation?

22 Feb

Are You On Solid Foundation?

Some people are not aware of the importance and relationship of good balanced foot function to the rest of their body’s. A good balanced foot makes up a solid foundation for the body. This educational article is a short summary of the body and foot mechanisms that are involved in creating unnecessary damage to your body. I hope it helps you to become more aware and proactive in your health and wellness.
Kiran Dave – Chiropodist in Mississauga at Erin Mills Optimum Health

How do my feet affect my body?

The foot is the foundation to the body, muscle skeleton system (musculoskeletal). If this foundation is out of balance, then everything that is dependent on the foundation can be out of normal functional position. Imagine the foundation of a house, if it was not level. The walls would not be straight, and eventually the roof would be compromised leading to expensive damage and repairs.

So what is supported by our feet?

The short answer is everything.

The various parts of the body musculoskeletal system are interdependent on each other. Everything is connected in terms of function and alignment. This is referred to as the closed kinetic system. Imagine a long chain with links that represent the various joints of our body. When one part of the chain is moved, it affects all parts of the chain link to the other end.

In the case of our body, forces applied to the foot in daily walking can similarly affect the various part of the body. For example, if the foot is out of balance, not only are the other various parts of the foot out of alignment, but also the ankle, the legs, the knee joints, the hips via the long thigh bones, the pelvis and inadvertently, the lower back. In some cases, the problem also travels further up the spine to the neck area.

Conversely, if the spine is not in balance or aligned, it can affect all other parts of the body including the feet. E.g. an abnormal curvature of the spine may create a leg length discrepancy and affect the feet.

This mechanism can happen in three ways.

Firstly, the “closed kinetic chain” mechanism, which is an automatic spread of energy.
E.g. if the Left foot is pronated (turning inwards like a flat foot), then the ankle will follow the foot and rotate inwards, allowing the leg to rotate internally (clockwise) causing the lower part of the knee joint to be out of alignment with the upper part of the knee joint.


Second, there is an automatic, body counter- mechanism referred to as internal compensation. This moves other parts of the body in a counter position. E.g. with the Left foot pronating, the leg and knee internally rotating causes the bottom of the knee joint to move clockwise while the top of the knee, which is connected to the thigh bone and hip, will “internally compensate” by moving in the other direction(counter clockwise). As a result, the left hip is now displaced in an abnormally, external rotated position (counterclockwise) which inadvertently will affect the position of the pelvis, which will affect and compromise the lower back joints.

Third, there is also what I refer to as an external compensation that is knowingly or unknowingly created by the patient, by favouring a posture by moving a structure into an altered position. E.g. if one part of the foot is sore (e.g. an ingrown nail), the external compensation is to twist the foot to avoid putting pressure on the sore area of the foot.

Using our example, if the Left foot is pronated, the above three mechanisms can affect the foot, ankle, leg muscles, knee joint, thigh muscles, the left hip and the gluteus muscles, the pelvis along with muscles of the pelvis and eventually affecting the joints and muscles of the lower back.

These mechanisms compromises and stresses/strains soft tissues, such as muscles, tendons, ligaments as well as bursa and joint surfaces, leading to damage that is usually not naturally reversible. Nerves can also become entrapped and create pain. Every joint that is affected will be out of normal alignment and function, which will affect and weaken soft tissues around these joints also. This can also make patients vulnerable to more stress and strain injuries during exercise.

Prolonged periods of unchecked foot function will create more ongoing damage.


Do you suffer from even mild or intermittent symptoms in any of these areas?

It is advisable and recommended that you utilize this education to be aware of your body and have it checked earlier rather than later to stay ahead in the proactive care of the foot and foot related problems. The best time for an examination is when you have no pain. Be preventative in the care of your body by having your feet checked. Our approach is one of education and prevention, so that you are better informed to make good, healthy decisions.

Let’s fix it before it breaks.

Please step in the right direction and call today to have your feet checked for your own unique education. Contact us for an appointment with our Chiropodist today.

Chiropody Clinic
Erin Mills Optimum Health

Chiropodist Foot Care Specialist

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